Riddles of the Night: Unconventional methods…

A labyrinthine path leads to a summit that ends abruptly in a sheer and unforgiving cliff. From this side, the settlement on Cratcliffe Tor would have been impregnable. Yet, there seems little space or evidence for a group of homes in this place. There are other sites nearby where ancient settlements have been found and, although Cratcliffe, Robin Hood’s Stride and the stone circle below them may have been at the heart of a community, we do not think it was here that they lived. They were important for another reason. The rocks, the confusing pathway and uneven landscape seem rather to lend themselves to a minimal population and reminds me of other sites that we suspect may have been ritual landscapes, places where the births and deaths of a clan would have been marked. Certainly the summit, with its great beds of stone, would have been a perfect place for air burial.

One stone bed in particular seems designed for this purpose. A low, pillowed couch that slopes down to a trough… that got me into trouble when I suggested it could have been ‘for the juices’. For some reason, the phrase did not go down well with my companions.

This is not pure speculation. We know that air burial was an efficient way to clean the bones of the dead and it would seem that our forefathers held a belief that the process of dying was not complete until the bones were clean. We know, from archaeological evidence, that many different methods were used to hasten this process. Perhaps the dead could not become ancestors, guarding and promoting the wellbeing of the clan in the otherworld, until their bones were properly prepared.

The presence of a stone circle and other ritual sites close by would suggest that this was a place where the human journey, from birth into death, and from death into the otherworld was ritually marked. One of our companions felt strongly that a tranquil glade had been a place where the healers worked. At another spot, where a stark cut in the high cliffs drops to the valley below, has a ‘feel’ of a place of judgment, where one guilty of the most heinous crimes against his people would be cast down the sheer drop to his death. Dowsing seemed to confirm this.

Much of what we suspect about the way in which these sites were used in prehistoric times cannot be substantiated by any means that the scientific mind would accept, but in many ways, this does not matter. It is alternative archaeology. When the land whispers stories to the inner ear, there is no way of knowing whether what we hear is fact or fiction. What we do know is that such promptings make sense of the landscape, bring it to life for us, and allow us to see it with a new understanding, possibly one that brings us closer to the vision of our most distant ancestors.

On the plain below, forming a triangle with the Tor and the Stride, is a stone circle known as Nine Stones Close. Only four of these stones now remain… ‘squaring the circle’… though at least one other remains close by, reused in a stone wall. The circle used to be called the Grey Ladies and legends told of maidens who danced on the sabbath and were turned to stone for their impiety. I wonder if the story originated with the hermit of the crag, for certainly it is a Christian gloss on the story of the stones.

Another story tells of a farmhand who, resting from his labours against one of the stones, found a pipe. Lighting the pipe, he watched as the stones became transparent and through their surface he could see into the fairy realms. This tale may have its origins in an older memory, perhaps, of a time when sacred herbs were used to enhance vision and allow the priesthood of the stones a glimpse into the otherworld.

The Bronze Age circle would have been over forty feet in diameter, with the stones standing over seven feet tall. It is from the centre of this circle that the major southern moon can be observed between the pinnacles of the Stride. The stones are the tallest standing stones of any circle in Derbyshire… but our next visit would take us to a place where these stones would be dwarfed. As the light faded, we left the fields and headed for the warmth of an old inn to await the coming of darkness…

22 thoughts on “Riddles of the Night: Unconventional methods…

    1. It is a far more serene place, Helen… nothing like the other one in feeling, though similar in appearance.
      I saw nothing wrong with ‘juices’ either… but certain people took exception to the term for some reason 😉

      Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you for sharing, Jaye.
      There is more to it than guesswork, I think. We are not so very different from our forefathers, after all, the basic needs, fears and desires are the same, though tempered and shaped by evolving technologies. We just have to ‘walk in their footsteps’ to touch their minds.

      Liked by 2 people

  1. Also, I have a pretty significant interest in psychedelics and their use in ritual and spiritual practices, this seems to be what you’re alluding to at the end of this post when you say, ‘..may have its origins in an older memory, perhaps, of a time when sacred herbs were used to enhance vision and allow the priesthood of the stones a glimpse into the otherworld.’

    Can you expand on that? Do we know if the ancient settlers in the UK were using vision enhancing substances and if so which ones?

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    1. Thank you. I am afraid I cannot answer your question in any detail as I am not aware of any specific archaeological evidence for the use of entheogens in prehistoric Britain. However, there is a good deal of evidence for the use of psychotropic plants in sacred rites across Europe and the rest of the world, going back at least ten thousand years, so there is no reason to suppose the Britain was any different. On the contrary, with the migration of populations, it would be astonishing if they had not been used here.

      There has been a lot of research and speculation over the years, and there are a good many academic articles online worth reading on the subject, drawing conclusions from both archaeoloogical discoveries and anthropology.

      The most important aspect of such studies is the highlighting of the difference between the use of entheogens as recreational drugs in our current society, divorcing them from their original role as substances “which cause God to be within an individual”, used with sacred intent and trained guidance.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. I am very much enjoying reading one after the other of these posts in this group of posts on this journey.

    Having worked in the profession of archaeologists, I am very much in tune with alternative archaeology. The idea of archaeologists who are visionaries and can conceive of more than one possibility is a very good thing, and has lead to a genuine change in the way archaeological sites are perceived.

    When we get too tight in our considerations of the meanings of things before our times, we are not being realistic, for the reality is that we don’t know unless we were there. And while it is possible that some of this group may have been in another life in some of these places and things remembered, there are still lots of possibilities, and what we may remember may even in those times been perceived in different ways as we do know happened from time to time.

    I am glad that various possibilities are being considered. Life is too short to close doors before we even open them. The one thing we can be certain is that change is inevitable and life continues in many different forms even when we are not necessarily aware of them.

    Thank you Sue and Stuart to embark on this wild and wonderful journey, and to share your thoughts with us. I love that you consider various possibilities even if they don’t end up being totally correct some day in some future. I would be doing the exact same things. And these journeys are wonderful ways to learn so many things.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks, Anne. Even the most esteemed archaeologists can only make educated, informed guessses for many of the places they examine. Human nature being what it is, we always see first through the eyes of our own times, but although the social structure and culture may change the way we live and the beliefs we hold, the human heart and mind has probably changed little in millennia. Facts and clinging to the accepted explanation of anything can very often blind us to the true meaning of things…things that may sometimes be elucidated by less accaptable of conventional means. We seekunderstanding, rather than knowledge, at these places… so whether we are right or wrong means far less than whether we are open to new ideas.

      Liked by 1 person

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